Ирландская правозащитная организация Франтлайн выступила в защиту Надежды Низовкиной, Татьяны Стецуры и Натальи Филоновой в связи с их неправомерным задержанием, а также ирландские правозащитники выражают тревогу о состоянии их здоровья после сухой голодовки, которую правозащитницы объявили в знак протеста.
Франтлайн заявляет, что протест, в котором участвовали Низовкина, Стецура и Филонова, является формой мирной и законной правозащитной деятельности, направленной на защиту права ребенка на образование, что гарантируется 43 статьей российской конституции. Правозащитники отмечают, что в ситуации, в которой оказались жители Петровск-Забайкальского района Читинской области, в первую очередь пострадают дети из самой уязвимой группы - малообеспеченных семей.
Текст заявления далее
Re: Russian Federation – Arrest and dry hunger strike of human rights defenders Nadejda Nizovkina, Tatiana Stetsura and Natalia Filonova
On 12 June 2011 human rights defenders and journalists Nadejda Nizovkina, Tatiana Stetsura and the deputy of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsk regional parliament Natalia Filonova were arrested during a protest demonstration against the closure of three rural schools near Petrovsk-Zabaykalsk in the Chita region of the Russian Federation. In protest against their arrest, they started a dry hunger strike.
The three human rights defenders were arrested for 'disobeying the police officer' under Article 19.3 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation while participating in a peaceful protest against the closure of three rural schools. For two days they were detained in a police station cell with closed window, no toilet or sink and in protest against their arrest, they started a dry hunger strike. On 14 June 2011, Petrovsk-Zabaykalsk regional court sentenced Tatiana Stetsura to 5 days of administrative detention, Natalia Filonova to 7 days and Nadejda Nizovkina to 10 days. The human rights defenders were placed in a temporary detention facility in Chita. On 16 June 2011, Nadejda Nizovkina lost consciousness and was brought to a hospital where she was forcefully fed and threatened with placement in a psychiatric ward if she continued her hunger strike. Tatiana Stetsura and Natalia Filonova were released on 17 and 19 June 2011. On 22 June 2011, Nadejda Nizovkina was visited in hospital by representatives of the temporary detention facility where she was previously detained; they declared that the delay of her administrative detention was over.
The protest followed the assimilation of three villages of the Chita region into the city of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsk and the subsequent decision of the local administration to close three rural schools under the pretext that they did not host enough students. In the opinion of the local administration the students should be sent to city schools. The destruction of the schools started before the end of the school year. Most of the students are from modest families and there is no free transport to city schools. The closure of rural schools will deprive children of their right to education. On 11 June 2011, parents invited the local authorities to meet with them to discuss the problem, and as nobody came, teachers, parents and children went to the building of the local administration where they stayed until the next day. The protest continued on 12 June 2011 and this is when the human rights defenders were arrested.
Front Line considers that the arrest of Nadejda Nizovkina, Tatiana Stetsura and Natalia Filonova is directly linked to their peaceful and legitimate activity in the defence of human rights, in particular the right of all children to free and accessible education to all, as enshrined in Article 43 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Front Line fears for the health of Tatiana Stetsura, Natalia Filonova and especially Nadejda Nizovkina after her dry hunger strike.
Front Line urges the Russian authorities to:
1. Immediately stop all acts of harassment against human rights defenders in the Chita region;
2. Take all necessary measures to guarantee the physical and psychological security and integrity of Nadejda Nizovkina, Tatiana Stetsura and Natalia Filonova;
3. Guarantee in all circumstances that human rights defenders in Russian Federation are able to carry out their legitimate human rights activities without fear of reprisals, and free of all restrictions including judicial harassment.